INCLE 2nd Conference on Clinical Legal Education

The INCLE 2nd Conference on Clinical Legal Education was held on the last 11-13 May 2016 at the Universitas Udayana, Bali, located in Post Graduate Building, Faculty of Law, Universitas Udayana. The conference was conducted in cooperation between INCLE and the Faculty of Law, Universitas Udayana, Bali, as one of INCLE university partners. The event was opened by the Rector of Universitas Udayana, Prof. Dr.dr. Ketut Suastika, Sp.PD.KEMD. On this occasion, the Rector of Universitas Udayana appreciated and said that the clinical legal education is an important thing that should be internalized in the law school curriculum. This is because clinical legal education not only provides learning process from the theoretical aspects, but also from the practical aspects such as legal skills. Moreover, the Rector of Universitas Udayana also stressed the most important aspect of clinical legal education, which is to promote the values of social justice.

The Secretary General of INCLE, Dr. Inge Lidwina Nurtjahyo, SH, M.Sc., also explained in her speech that in general, the purpose of this conference is to share knowledge, skills and values that are very diverse and developed in clinical legal education for the achievement of social justice. The variety of its implementation and scope of activities has become the strength of clinical legal education itself. Dr. Lidwina hoped that the conference can be held continuously in the upcoming years, as the marker for the development of clinical legal education in Indonesia and also for the strengthening of cooperation between academicians, Civil Society Organizations (CSO), and also government agencies in an effort to pursuit a qualified legal education.

The same thing also delivered by the Dean of the Faculty of Law, Universitas Udayana, Prof. Dr. Ngurah Wairocana, SH, M.H., which stated that the perspective of clinical legal education should be intensified in the curricula of law faculties in Indonesia. The Dean also encouraged other law faculties that have become members of INCLE to continue to work together in supporting legal clinics. Without the support of each faculty leaders, the legal clinics will be difficult to develop.

After the opening ceremony, this conference which attended by 250 people, was continued with a plenary session on the development of legal clinics in some of law faculties in Indonesia over the last few years. Several speakers representing law faculties were: i) Prof. Topo Santoso, SH., M.H., Ph.D., Dean of Faculty of Law, Universitas Indonesia, ii) Prof. Dr. Patitinggi Farida, SH, M.H. Dean of Faculty of Law, Universitas Hassanuddin, iii) Prof. Dr. I Gusti Ngurah Wicaksono, SH, M.H., Dean of Faculty of Law, Universitas Udayana, iv) Dr. Febrian, S.H., M.S, vice Dean of Faculty of Law, Universitas Sriwijaya, and v) Dr. Sigid Suseno, SH, M. Hum., the Vice-Rector II, Universitas Padjadjaran (former Dean of Faculty of Law, Universitas Padjadjaran). In this plenary session, were also presented the representatives of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), Sujanarko, ST., M.S.E., and from the Judicial Commission (KY), Mohammed Muslih, SH, M.H.

This plenary session, which conducted in an interactive talk show, specifically discussed the experiences the leadership of the faculty of law in developing legal clinics, the challenges faced, as well as its potential in improving law in Indonesia. The role of legal clinics in order to improve legal system in Indonesia was also discussed by the speakers of the two commissions.

After lunch break, the conference was continued with break-out sessions. Each panel was consisted of some academicians and CSO practitioners who have prepared their papers to be presented in several panels. On the first day, the big theme for the panel was “The Role of Legal Clinic in Promoting a Legal System Based on Social Justice in Indonesia”, with panel themes among others were on: social justice perspective in clinical legal education; the role of "justice reformers" in legal development in Indonesia; and the role of CSO in reinforcing legal clinics in Indonesia. There was also a special session which dedicated to legal clinic students to present about their role clinical legal education development.

The first day was ended with a Welcoming Dinner held by the Governor of Bali Provence, which took place at the official residence of the Governor. All participants were welcomed by the Vice Governor, Drs. I Ketut Sudikerta, representing the Governor who was not able to come. He explained that as the government of Bali, they supported the movement of clinical legal education as one of the ways to improve legal system in Indonesia, including in Bali in the more specific scope, through the involvement of academic institutions and the role of law students.

The second day of the conference was opened with a plenary session, which presented some international speakers from several countries. The speakers were Oce Madril, S.H., M.A (INCLE), Leni Widi Mulyadi, S.H., M.H. (Faculty of Law, Universitas Pasundan), Mr. Bruce Lasky (Bridges Across Borders South East Asia Community Legal Education/BABSEA CLE), and Prof. Les McCrimmon from Charles Darwin University. They shared experiences and knowledge related to the development of clinical legal education in their countries and respective territories. In general, clinical legal education does not only teach law students about knowledge, but also practical skills, and most importantly, values. The main purpose is that law graduates are not only clever in knowledge and skilled, but to also have integrity and uphold ethics as the most important aspects. Essentially, clinical legal education, which manifested in various forms, is working to bring law students in the implementation of the law according to the context of each society.

After the plenary session, the second day of the Conference was again followed by a break-out session that explores several themes in the panels: achieving social Justice through anti-corruption advocacy, achieving social Justice through women and children protection, achieving social Justice through the environment awareness, learning lessons and achievement of clinical legal education in Indonesia, and lastly, the development of clinical legal education models in Indonesia.

Another important thing to be mentioned is that in this second INCLE conference, some of the speakers were the alumni of legal clinics who are now working in public sectors. They presented their writings on the significance of clinical legal education for them when performing their roles and duties as CSO activists, as well as lecturers.

On the third day, the whole activity was closed with a ‘Training on Trainers (TOT)’ session for 30 participants of lecturers and CSO representatives, with the theme "Building a Model of Interactive Teaching Method for Clinical Legal Education". The trainers were all the INCLE presidiums themselves, and also helped by some lecturers from Universitas Udayana, who facilitated the participants with various interactive teaching techniques.

The aim of this training is to demonstrate the participants, which were legal clinic lecturers or prospective legal clinic lecturers, how to teach their students with more interactive and ‘vibrant’ teaching method than a one-way monotone lecture course. This has become one of the characteristics of legal clinic classes which based on an experiential learning process. As a closing, the trainers held a reflective session to end the TOT session, where the participants and trainers shared their thoughts, ideas, and suggestions on what their learned during the whole activity, and how to improve the next conference and TOT. The participants also conveyed their hope to have opportunity to join and invite more of their colleagues to the third conference in the upcoming year, and participate more through ‘Call for Papers’, especially the TOT.